【美國加州 Yosemite National Park】優勝美地國家公園健行之一.迷人的秋日美景。飽覽山谷與Vernal Falls、Nevada Falls兩大瀑布

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「一生必去」這4個字的最高等級用語,絕對可以用來形容美國加州的「優勝美地國家公園」(Yosemite National Park),相信沒有人會反對。因為它在世界上的地位,彷彿就是「大自然的大教堂」。
優勝美地國家公園(Yosemite National Park),是美國國家公園內極為閃耀的一顆明珠,地處加州東北部,內華達山脈的西麓,曾是印第安原住民阿瓦尼奇人(Ahwahneechee)的故鄉。公園的範圍橫跨加州中西部圖奧勒米縣(Tuolumne)、馬里波薩縣(Mariposa)和馬德拉縣(Madera)。優勝美地國家公園於於1984年被納入聯合國教科文組織(UNESCO)世界遺產,每年吸引4百萬來自世界各地的遊客前來觀光。
優勝美地國家公園內,有超過95%的土地被指定為原生地域(wilderness),為了要保護公園的原貌,美國總統林肯於1864年6月30日,將優勝美地谷蝴蝶林(Mariposa)內的美洲衫巨木林,設為美國的第一座州立公園。並且在「國家公園之父」約翰•繆爾(John Muir,1838~1914)這位作家、科學家、保育先知的倡議之下,於1890年成為第二座國家公園。它幾乎是全美甚至全球最受歡迎的國家公園。
公園內除了有四面絕壁的優勝美地山谷,還有充滿高山美景的圖奧勒米牧場,自然風光令人歎為觀止。而它的美和大遠遠超過一般人所暸解,公園的佔地面積超過1,169平方英哩/284,899 公頃,而其中最多遊客造訪的的優勝美地谷(Yosemite Valley),只佔了整個公園不到1%的面積。優勝美地國家公園主要有四大景區,呈F型分佈,分別是優勝美地谷(Yosemite Valley)、山頂的冰川點(Gracier Point)、北側的第奧嘉(Tioga Pass)以及南端的瓦沃納(Wawona)景區。這次的優勝美地之旅,只有北側的第奧嘉景區沒有造訪,那裡就留待下次不同季節再去造訪吧!

優勝美地山谷在上一次冰河時期被冰川覆蓋,山谷呈U字型,兩旁峭壁上到處可見由冰川切削過的痕跡,其中最有名的就是半圓頂(Half Dome),這顆巨岩是冰河時期所形成的,峰頂海拔2,693公尺,歷時8,700萬年,在地質與歷史上他就是個不折不扣的巨人。只要你在優勝美地國家公園內,走到比較高的地點,幾乎從任何地方,都可以看到它的身影,據說 North Face 品牌 logo 的…

Open Source iPhone Apps – Real App Store Code Examples!

The Open Source iPhone Apps

Each of these open source iPhone apps list below is not just open source, but has been in the app store, and all but one are in there right now. For developers, read the source code by others is another good way to improve the develop ability and code quality. So if you're looking for an example of some real apps here they are! It can be tough to learn how to develop, especially when it comes to finding complete examples.

1. ABC 123Sequence memorization game. Utilizes Cocos2D. (itunes link) (source code)


2. ArtificeStrategy game where you try to get to the other side by moving boxes out of the way. Utilizes Cocos2D. (itunes link) (source code)
3. Battle For WesnothFantasy themed turn based tactical RPG game available on several platforms and now the iPhone/iPad. (itunes link) (source code)
4. ColloquyConversion of the most popular Mac IRC client to the iPhone. (itunes link) (source code)


5. Countitout - A generic counting app. (itunes link) (source code)
6. Diceshaker - Dice rolling simulator designed for role-playing game enthusiasts. (itunes link) (source code)


7. Doom Classic - Classic 3D first person shooter. (itunes link) (source code) (build instructions)


8. Ecological Footprint - Calculate, display, and record your ecological footprint. (itunes link) (source code)
9. Echofon for Twitter Echofon is an easy to use, super-fast Twitter app for the iPhone and iPod Touch. (source code)


10. Fosdem - Calendar app for the Fosdem open source conference. (itunes link) (source code)
11. FreshbooksOpen Source iPhone app that enables usage of Freshbooks web invoicing software from your iPhone. (itunes link) (source code)
12. GorillasClassic Worms/iShoot turn based shooter type game converted to iPhone from basic. Utilizes Cocos2D. (itunes link) (source code).


13. iStrobe - Turns the iPhone 4 flash into a highly configurable strobe light. (itunes link) (source code)
14. Last.fmSoftware that enables usage of the Last.fm platform for personal radio stations. (itunes link) (source code)


15. London Tube Status – Get up to the minute service level details on all London Underground tube lines, DLR and Overground. (source code)
16. MiniBooks Lite for FreshBooks - MiniBooks Lite puts the popular web invoicing software FreshBooks in the palm of your hand. (source code)


17. Mobilesynth A monophonic synthesizer designed for live performance. (itunes link) (source code)


18. Mobilesynth by Allen PorterAllows you to view 3D models of molecules and manipulate them through touch. (source code)


19. Molecules – Allows you to view 3D models of molecules and manipulate them through touch. (itunes link) (source code)


20. Mover – Mover+ is the quickest way to move stuff from iPhone A to iPhone B, with style. Allows you to transfer stuff from one iPhone to another by “flicking” it to the other device. (itunes link) (source code)


21. Natsulion - A basic twitter client converted from mac. (itunes link) (source code)


22. NevoChessA Xiangqi game. (itunes link) (source code)
23. NowPlayingAllows you to check local theater listings, and check rotten tomato ratings. (itunes link) (source code)
24. PacklogBackpack journal client. (itunes link) (source code)


25. PlainNote - Simple Open Source Notepad. (itunes link) (source code)
26. PocketFlixFind movies, and manage your Netflix information. (itunes link) (source code)


27. Puff PuffBeautiful underwater 2D game utilizing Cocos2D and Openfeint featuring unique physics based gameplay. (itunes link) (source code)


28. reMailE-mail client featuring ultra-fast search. Removed from app store, but source made available. (source code)
29. RobotFindsKittenPort of a very silly “classic” ASCII game. (itunes link) (source code)
30. Sci-15 HPCalcCalculator app based on classic scientific HP-Calculator. (itunes link) (source code)


31. SpaceBubbleSpace game featuring core graphics, and accelerometer usage. (itunes link) (source code)
32. Star3MapAugmented reality star and planet charting application. (itunes link) (source code)
33. Stockfish ChessA chess game featuring extremely effective AI . (itunes link) (source code)
34. Task CoachPersonal to-do list and task manager. (itunes link) (source code)


35. Tux RideriPhone port of the extremely popular, and beautiful 3D Tux Racer game. (itunes link) (source code)
36. TweejumpPlatform jumping game inspired by Icy Tower. Utilizes Cocos2D. (itunes link) (source code)


37. TweeteeEnhanced version of the Natsulion Twitter Client. (itunes link) (source code)
38. TweeteroBasic twitter client with image uploading. (itunes link) (source code)


39. TwitterfonSuper-fast intuitive twitter client. (itunes link) (source code)
40. ViralFireUnique game where you are a dodging blood cell. (itunes link) (source code)
41. WikihowA reader app for the popular how to wiki site. (itunes link) (source code)


42. Wolfenstein 3D Classic PlatinumIf you haven’t heard of Wolfenstein post below so we can say a prayer for you. (itunes link) (source code)
43. WordPressClient for managing WordPress blogs. Also has an iPad version. (itunes link) (source code)


44. XpilotSimple massively multiplayer arcade shooter from the early days of the internet. (itunes link) (source code)
45. YourRightsPocket database containing a summary of your legal rights. (itunes link) (source code)


46. ZBarA barcode reader open source iphone app. (itunes link) (source code)
Check them out if you are working on something similar or think they might have a feature you could use there’s no reason to re-invent the wheel. Always make sure you understand the licenses as many of these open source iPhone apps are GPL and require that you open source your app.

47. 31 iPhone Example Applications
Here you will find 31 examples to help you get started as an iPhone developer.


Enjoy!!

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