【美國加州 Yosemite National Park】優勝美地國家公園健行之一.迷人的秋日美景。飽覽山谷與Vernal Falls、Nevada Falls兩大瀑布

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「一生必去」這4個字的最高等級用語,絕對可以用來形容美國加州的「優勝美地國家公園」(Yosemite National Park),相信沒有人會反對。因為它在世界上的地位,彷彿就是「大自然的大教堂」。
優勝美地國家公園(Yosemite National Park),是美國國家公園內極為閃耀的一顆明珠,地處加州東北部,內華達山脈的西麓,曾是印第安原住民阿瓦尼奇人(Ahwahneechee)的故鄉。公園的範圍橫跨加州中西部圖奧勒米縣(Tuolumne)、馬里波薩縣(Mariposa)和馬德拉縣(Madera)。優勝美地國家公園於於1984年被納入聯合國教科文組織(UNESCO)世界遺產,每年吸引4百萬來自世界各地的遊客前來觀光。
優勝美地國家公園內,有超過95%的土地被指定為原生地域(wilderness),為了要保護公園的原貌,美國總統林肯於1864年6月30日,將優勝美地谷蝴蝶林(Mariposa)內的美洲衫巨木林,設為美國的第一座州立公園。並且在「國家公園之父」約翰•繆爾(John Muir,1838~1914)這位作家、科學家、保育先知的倡議之下,於1890年成為第二座國家公園。它幾乎是全美甚至全球最受歡迎的國家公園。
公園內除了有四面絕壁的優勝美地山谷,還有充滿高山美景的圖奧勒米牧場,自然風光令人歎為觀止。而它的美和大遠遠超過一般人所暸解,公園的佔地面積超過1,169平方英哩/284,899 公頃,而其中最多遊客造訪的的優勝美地谷(Yosemite Valley),只佔了整個公園不到1%的面積。優勝美地國家公園主要有四大景區,呈F型分佈,分別是優勝美地谷(Yosemite Valley)、山頂的冰川點(Gracier Point)、北側的第奧嘉(Tioga Pass)以及南端的瓦沃納(Wawona)景區。這次的優勝美地之旅,只有北側的第奧嘉景區沒有造訪,那裡就留待下次不同季節再去造訪吧!

優勝美地山谷在上一次冰河時期被冰川覆蓋,山谷呈U字型,兩旁峭壁上到處可見由冰川切削過的痕跡,其中最有名的就是半圓頂(Half Dome),這顆巨岩是冰河時期所形成的,峰頂海拔2,693公尺,歷時8,700萬年,在地質與歷史上他就是個不折不扣的巨人。只要你在優勝美地國家公園內,走到比較高的地點,幾乎從任何地方,都可以看到它的身影,據說 North Face 品牌 logo 的…

2017, Oct 1st ~ 4th【泰北♡清萊】Travel to Chiang Rai, Northern Thailand (2nd visit to Thailand)

Chiang Rai Province is located in the northernmost of Thailand. It is a mountainous region with rivers and jungles, so there is a lot of beautiful nature surrounding the area.
The north of Chiang Rai borders Myanmar, the south borders Phayao Province, the east borders Laos, and the west borders Chiang Mai Province.
The cool season is the perfect time to visit Chiang Rai because the weather will be incredible and you will get a chance to enjoy beautiful views from the mountain tops.












Phu Sang National Park is located 90 kilometers from Phayao Province. Take the Phayao–DokKhamtai–Chun –Chiang Kham –Thoeng Route, 6 kilometers from Amphoe Chiang Kham. The National Park provides accommodation, camping areas, as well as convenience stores for tourists.











Phu Chi Fa Forest Park is one of the most famous destinations uphill in Chiang Rai, especially during winter time, when visitors try to reach its cliff that offers spectacular views of the valley and sea of mist at sunrise.
The peak stands at an elevation of 1,628 meters above sea level and offers amazing views of the landscape below.  From the peak, you will expect to experience the views over Mekong River and the spectacular mountain scenery.














































The village of Pha Tang has the lodgings, from camping tents, hotel rooms to bungalows. The cost is about 200 baht per tent to 500-800 baht per bungalow. However, if you avoid major Thai holidays and weekends, there is plenty of supply for lodging.










Doi Pha Tang far from Chiang Rai town about 160 kilometers, and is about 25 kilometers north from the well-known Chiang Rai’s tourist destination – Phu Chi Fah
In Doi Pha Tang there is a very beautiful hill on the border between Thailand and Laos located in Wiang Kaen district of Chiang Rai.
The best time to go hiking in Doi Pha Tang is during December and January. The Sakura trees are in full bloom at the end of each year and pathways covered in pink like floss makes it an ethereal experience.
A short trek in nearby hills finds a mountain gap which overlooks the lower planes of the North. Views of the Mekong river and on the opposite the lands of Laos. The diversity in these areas partly due to the location near the Golden Triangle where four countries come together; Thailand, Laos, Burma and China (Yunnan). 
While the viewpoint is what drives visitors to Doi Pha Tang it is more popular in early months (January to March) when the area blooms with pink Bauhinia flowers and Thai Sakura.




















The Mekong River is a river in the south-eastern part of the continent of Asia. It flows through the countries of China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and finally Vietnam. The Mekong begins in the Lasagongma Spring which is in the plateaus of Tibet, disputed part of China, and flows about 2,703 miles (4,350 km) south-east to the South China Sea.






































The Baan Dam Museum (also known as the Chiang Rai Black Temple or Black House Museum) is a museum and gallery that was home to the renowned Thai artist, Thawan Duchanee.



















Wat Rong Khun, also known as the White Temple, is the most popular attraction in northern Thailandand is located about 30 minutes south of the historic city of Chiang Rai. This temple was designed and built by artist Chaloemchai Khositphiphat in 1998 and building still continues today.



The Chiang Rai Night Bazaar is a vibrant market that brings Chiang Rai to life at dusk. It is similar to Chiang Mai’s night market, albeit on a smaller scale.
The Night Bazaar is held nightly between 6pm-midnight and sells a huge range of hand crafted items, cloting as well as authentic Thai foods.












Laluna Hotel & Resort Chiang Rai





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